How wheat is harvested

In agriculture, wheat harvesting is one of the important stages that requires the use of special equipment and precise organizational work.

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Harvesting equipment

  • Combine. During harvesting, it moves across the field along the rows. The advantage of the machine lies in the combination of several functions. The reaper allows you to cut stalks of wheat. To separate the grain from impurities and chaff, the wheat goes through a complex division and purification mechanism. The combine has a special container designed for collecting grain. This compartment is regularly unloaded onto a truck or other vehicle to allow for further storage or processing of the crop.
  • Mower. Can be used before harvest to cut wheat stalks. It can be mechanical or manual. In some cases it is installed on special agricultural equipment. This tool greatly facilitates the entire process of harvesting wheat.
  • Hand tools. This category includes knives and sickles. Especially necessary when working in hard-to-reach places. It is worth noting that working with these tools makes the process more labor-intensive.

What you need to know about the wheat harvest

After sowing, wheat takes 110 to 130 days to fully mature.

The period depends on the growing conditions and the variety. The golden yellow or brown color of the ears will signal the ripeness of the wheat. You can make sure by determining the moisture content of the grain. It should be no more than 14 percent.


Harvest stages

  • Definition of maturation. This stage is one of the most important.
  • Preparing for collection. The field must be cleared of weeds and other plants that interfere with the harvesting process. At this stage, you should check the functionality of the combine or other equipment that will be involved in harvesting.
  • Harvesting. Can be done either manually or mechanically.
  • Drying. It is needed in order to reduce the moisture content of the grain and make the crop acceptable for storage. This stage is carried out in several ways. The first is the use of special drying units. The second is drying in the open air. This process must be strictly controlled to avoid overheating or drying out the crop.

Storing grain after harvest

After the above stages, the wheat is stored in special storage facilities.

In such places, the grain is reliably protected from moisture, insects and other external factors. Storage must be carried out under optimal conditions in order to preserve the nutritional properties and quality of the harvested crop.

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